The Love Factor Inventory was standardized on a sample of 1933 subjects (MalesN=721 and FemalesN=l,148) from across the United States and from Vancouver, Canada. While this sample was quite useful for statistical comparison between various demographic groups, it was felt to be unequally weighted for the development of national means and standard deviation scores. The weight function in the SPSS PC+statistical program was used to create a new sample totaling 2606 subjects for the normative scores. The sample was assigned to specific groups for statistical analysis as part of the validation study. The weights were developed from the original sample. Table Bl in Appendix B compares the group percentages of the original sample with the final weighted normative sample.
The sample is described according to the frequency and percent of total respondents by sex, age, race, income, religion, and marital status for both the original and weighted samples. These results are listed in Tables B2- B7 in Appendix B.
Percentile scores for men and women are based upon the weighted sample of 2606 cases. Subjects responded from eleven states across the country and Vancouver, Canada. The majority of subjects came from California and Michigan. The additional states that provided subjects were: Iowa, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Kentucky, Arizona, and Washington, D.C. The frequency distribution and equivalent percentile score for each scale by sex are presented in Table Cl of Appendix C.
Females scored higher on the various scales than males. The means, standard deviations, and tests of significance of difference are presented in Table D 1 of Appendix D. Due to the significant difference between males and females, the Love Capacity scale results are computed differently for men and women, and the percentile scores are computed separately for each group as well.
Black and Caucasian college students are compared for each scale. Because gender was not evenly distributed across the two ethnic groups, two way Anovas were used to enable analysis of the ethnicity effect controlling for gender effect. Using Manova procedures, Wilks lambda was used to assess overall group differences across the set of scales. The obtained lambda for the group effect was statistically significant. Follow up Anovas indicated that the groups differed only on two scales, Intimacy, and Trust. In light of a Black person’s experience in a predominantly white society, these findings make good sense. The level of trust in the world as a good and positive place is certainly worth questioning. The lower intimacy scores also can be understood when we consider the experience of intimacy, within the context of The Love Factor’s conceptualization, requiring an opening and more vulnerable expression of one’s most innermost self. Again, Blacks learn to be cautious in this regard. The means and standard deviations for Black and Caucasian students for men and women are presented in Table D2 of Appendix D.
Using the Spearman rank order procedure, positive correlations were found between age and nine of the scales (Mann & Braun-Smith, 1990a). In this study the authors suggested that love appears to be a learned ability that improves with maturity. The means and standard deviations according to age groups are presented in Table D3 of Appendix D.
The norms for the Professional population and the Prison Inmate Population are presented in Tables D4 and D5 of Appendix D. Means and standard deviations are presented for both males and females.
In the initial study by Mann &Braun-Smith (1990b), the normative sample was compared along several demographic features: marital status, parental divorce status, and personal development. These findings suggest that those who have demonstrated an ability to make a commitment score higher on The Love Factor. Those individuals involved in personal development experiences, i.e., psychotherapy, growth experiences, etc. score higher on the scales, and those people who came from divorced families score lower on the scales.
The means and standard deviations for these groups are presented in Table El-E3 of Appendix E.
*Tables are available on request.